Raksha Bandhan, or “Rakhi” a popular, traditionally Hindu, annual rite, or ceremony, is the center of a festival of the same name, celebrated in India, in some other parts of South Asia, and by people around the world as Hindus are.
On this day, sisters of all ages tie a thread or talisman, called a rakhi, around their brothers’ wrists, symbolically protect them, receive a gift in return, and traditionally of their own ability. Brothers invest with responsibility.
Raksha Bandhan is celebrated on the last day of the Hindu lunar calendar month of Shravan, which usually falls in August. The literal meaning of “Raksha Bandhan,” Sanskrit, “security, obligation, or bond of care” now mainly applies to this ritual. By the middle of the 20th century, the expression was similarly applied to a similar ritual, also held on the same day, with precedence in ancient Hindu texts in which a household priest played clapping, charms, Or ties a rakhi on his wrist. Patrons, or change their sacred thread, and receive gifts of wealth; In some places, this is still the case. In contrast, the sister-brother festival with origins in folk culture had names that varied with the place, with some being presented as salumi, Ceylon, and raki. In a ritual involving Salerno, the sisters included barley sprouts behind their brothers’ ears.
Of particular importance to married women lies in the Raksha Bandhan territorial or village extrovert practice, in which a bride marries outside her natal village or town, and her parents, by custom, do not go to see her in her married home. In rural North India, where village boundaries are highly prevalent, a large number of married Hindu women go back to their parents’ home every year for the ceremony. His brothers, who usually live with or around parents, sometimes travel to return to their sisters’ home. Many young married women arrive at their newborn homes a few weeks early and stay until the ceremony. The brothers serve as lifelong middlemen between their sisters ‘married and parents’ homes, as well as potential studs for their safety.
In urban India, where families are increasingly nuclear, festivals have become more symbolic, but are becoming highly popular. Rituals associated with this festival have spread beyond their traditional areas and have been changed through technology and migration, with films, social interaction, and propaganda by political Hinduism, as well as by the nation-state. Among women and men, who are not blood relatives, there is also a changed tradition of voluntary kin, achieved through the bonding of rakhi amulets, which cut across caste and class lines and Hindu and Muslim divisions. In some communities or contexts, other figures, such as a matriarchy, or a person in authority, may attend the ceremony in acknowledgment of the ritual of their benefit
Festivals are a celebration of solidarity in India. They play an important role in building a better society, where positive values arise and the spirit of cooperation prevails. There are many auspicious days in India, which are celebrated with great enthusiasm and spirit by Indians. Rakhi or Rakshabandhan is one of them. It is known by various names
In Indian mythology, a full moon day is considered an auspicious day. Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi falls in the month of Shravan (August) according to the Hindu lunar calendar. All Hindus descend mainly through India, Nepal and some regions of Pakistan to celebrate Raksha Bandhan through the world. Raksha Bandhan is known by different names in different regions of India. Rituals may vary slightly from region to region but usually carry the same aura.
For farmers, it is celebrated as “Kajari Purnima”. On this day, he started sowing wheat and praying to God for good crops and in the coastal areas of India this day is celebrated as “Narayali Purnima”. The day is dedicated to Lord Indra, and Lord Varuna. Raksha Bandhan has deep historical significance. Many legends are associated with the past of Hinduism. According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that on every Shravan Purnima day, the deity Yamuna tied a sacred thread on the sacred Yama wrist. Yama was so touched and touched by the cleanliness of this custom that he made the announcement, who would become immortal once he got a rakhi tied to his sister. There have been traditional performances by the people since that day.
Another legend is related to the Mahabharata. In the Mahabharata, there is an incident where Lord Krishna was hurt during a battle with King Shishupala, and the bleeding came out of the finger. At that time, Draupadi tore a piece of cloth and tied it around her wrist to stop the bleeding. Krishna was touched by her gesture and promised to respond to her love and devotion whenever she needed it in the future.
The legend of the mighty king Bali and the deity Lakshmi (Goddess of Wealth) is also a popular one. But the story of Rani Karnavati and Emperor Humayun is the most important evidence in the history associated with this festival. Rani Karnavati, a widow of King Chittor, sent a rakhi to Emperor Humayun with a request to save her dignity. Emperor Humayun was touched and gestured to save his honor with his soldiers without wasting time, but before he reached there, the queen demonstrated Johar and laid down his life.
Thus, Raksha Bandhan is an ancient Hindu festival, meaning “a knot of protection”, a symbolic renewal of one of the most beautiful emotions in humans. On this auspicious day, according to tradition, the sister worships God and ties the sacred thread on her brother’s right wrist and prays for her prosperous future. This demonstrates her love and affection for her brother and in return, the brother vows to protect, protect and guide her through her thick and thins for the rest of her life and wishes her the best.
They also exchange gifts and enjoy the day. Nowadays, as people’s lifestyles are changing, sisters and brothers who are living away from each other send their wishes through cards and e-mails.
The festival of Rakhi brings the whole family together and strengthens the bonds of love and affection between siblings. The promise made by the brothers on this day is the essence of the brother and sister relationship. Thus it symbolizes the purity of the relationship between them.
About Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
The bonding between a brother and a sister is simply unique and beyond description in words. The relationship between siblings is extraordinary and is valued in every part of the world. However, when it comes to India, this relationship becomes even more important as there is a festival called “Raksha Bandhan” dedicated to brotherly love.
Relationships are always considered an important part and parcel of every person’s life. Years come and go, but some relationships last forever. Especially, when it comes to taking a deep dip in the cultural sea of India, these eternal bonds are celebrated in every special way. One such festival that rejoices each of these sacred relationships is the occasion of Rakshabandhan, a celebration of an unbreakable bond between a brother and a sister.
On this day, the sister ties a thread around her brother’s wrist, also known as ‘sister rakhi’ which signifies her adoration and her longing for the well being and good health of her brother. In return, the brother gives something to his sister as a token of love and appreciation. Over the centuries, this festival brings a lot of excitement and festive spirit to people’s lives, and with the passage of time, the festival has become more grand and elaborate in terms of its style and outlook.
Meaning of Raksha Bandhan
The festival is made up of two words, named “Raksha” and “Bandhan.” According to Sanskrit terminology, the occasion means “band of protection or knot” where “Raksha” stands for protection and indicates the binding of the verb “Bandhan”. Together, the festival symbolizes the eternal love of the brother-sister relationship that is not meant only by blood relations. It is also celebrated among cousins, sisters and sisters-in-law, nieces and nephews and other such relations.
Importance of Raksha Bandhan between different religions in India
• Hinduism – This festival is mainly celebrated in the northern and western parts of India as well as countries like Nepal, Pakistan, and Mauritius.
• Jainism – Jain community also pays reverence to devotees on this occasion.
• Sikhism- This festival dedicated to brotherly love is celebrated by Sikhs as “Rakhi” or Rakhi.
Origin of Raksha Bandhan Festival
- According to the ancient legend of Indra Dev and Sachi-Bhavishya Purana, there was once a fierce battle between gods and demons. Lord Indra – the god of the sky, Varsha and Vajra who were fighting the battle on behalf of the gods, was a tough resistance from the powerful demon king, Bali. The war continued for a long time and did not come to a decisive end. Seeing this, Indra’s wife Saachi went to Lord Vishnu who gave him a sacred bracelet made of a cotton thread. Saachi tied the sacred thread around the wrist of her husband Lord Indra, who eventually defeated the demons and reclaimed Amravati. In the first account of the festival, these sacred threads refer to amulets used by women for prayer and tied to their husbands while they were going to war. Unlike the present day, those sacred sutras were not limited to brother-sister relationships.
- King Bali and Goddess Lakshmi- According to the Bhagavata Purana and Vishnu Purana, when Lord Vishnu conquered the three worlds from the demon King Bali, he asked the demon king to be near him in the palace. Prabhu accepts the request and starts living with the demon king. However, Goddess Lakshmi, the consort of Lord Vishnu, wanted to visit Vaikuntha, her ancestral home. Therefore, he tied a rakhi on the wrist of the demon king, Bali and made him a brother. Asked about the return gift, Goddess Lakshmi asks Bali to free her husband from the vow and return to Vaikuntha. Bali agreed to the request and Lord Vishnu returned to his place with his consort Goddess Lakshmi. Satisfied mother- It is said that Lord Ganesha’s two sons Shubh and Labh were disappointed that they had no sister. He asked his father for a sister who eventually became obliged to her sister after Saint Narada intervened. Thus Lord Ganesha created Santoshi Ma through divine flames and on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan, two sons of Lord Ganesha got their sister.
- Krishna and Draupadi – Based on an article in the Mahabharata, Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, tied a rakhi to Lord Krishna, while Kunti tied a rakhi to grandson Abhimanyu before the epic battle.
- Yama and Yamuna- Another legend states that Yama, the god of death, did not meet his sister Yamuna for a period of 12 years, which eventually became very sad. On Ganga’s advice, Yama goes to meet his sister the Yamuna, who is overjoyed and offers hospitality to her brother Yama. This pleased Yama who asked for a gift from the Yamuna. He expressed a desire to see his brother again and again. Hearing this, Yama made his sister, Yamuna, immortal so that he could see her again and again. This mythological article forms the basis of a festival called “Bhai Dooj” which is also based on the brother-sister relationship.
Reason to celebrate this festival
The festival of Raksha Bandhan is celebrated as a symbol of duty among brothers and sisters. The occasion is to commemorate any type of sibling relationship between men and women that cannot be biologically related.
On this day, a sister ties a rakhi around her brother’s wrist to pray for his prosperity, health, and well-being. In return, the brother promises to protect his sister from any harm and to give the gift in every circumstance. The festival is also celebrated among siblings belonging to distant family members, relatives or cousins.